Access Type

Campus Access Only

Presentation Type

Oral Presentation

Start Date

April 2017

End Date

April 2017

Abstract

Pyrethroid pesticides are the most commonly used pesticides for residential and agricultural use in the United States. Children are particularly at-risk for pyrethroid pesticide exposures. Low amounts of exposure over long periods of time may cause adverse health effects. Current research shows evidence of a correlation between pyrethroid pesticide exposure in children and developmental and respiratory health problems. The most common sources of exposure in children are through diet and residential use. Residential use includes the use of store-bought pesticides that are sprayed in and around the home or yard to control for pests. Children that reside in households where pesticides are used have ten times the risk of being exposed to those pesticides. Several of the foods most commonly consumed by children also have the highest amounts of pesticide contamination. There is currently a limited amount of research that shows the significance of health complications in children due to pyrethroids. Future research needs to focus on understanding what amount and duration of exposure causes health problems to support making changes to labels and implementing intervention programs. Key Words: permethrin; neurodevelopment; respiratory health; residues; dose-response.

Faculty Mentor

Dr. Jennifer Hall

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What are Pyrethroids and Why are Children at Risk?

Pyrethroid pesticides are the most commonly used pesticides for residential and agricultural use in the United States. Children are particularly at-risk for pyrethroid pesticide exposures. Low amounts of exposure over long periods of time may cause adverse health effects. Current research shows evidence of a correlation between pyrethroid pesticide exposure in children and developmental and respiratory health problems. The most common sources of exposure in children are through diet and residential use. Residential use includes the use of store-bought pesticides that are sprayed in and around the home or yard to control for pests. Children that reside in households where pesticides are used have ten times the risk of being exposed to those pesticides. Several of the foods most commonly consumed by children also have the highest amounts of pesticide contamination. There is currently a limited amount of research that shows the significance of health complications in children due to pyrethroids. Future research needs to focus on understanding what amount and duration of exposure causes health problems to support making changes to labels and implementing intervention programs. Key Words: permethrin; neurodevelopment; respiratory health; residues; dose-response.