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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

psychiatry

Advisor

Tom Colletti

Abstract

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is becoming a very common presentation in behavioral health as well as primary care. Many traditional medications, once used to treat PTSD, are becoming refractory to treatment. Practitioners and scientists are now looking for new and innovative ways to treat this condition. However, the efficacy of EMDR compared to hallucinogen use is unclear. The National Institute of Health described PTSD as a growing epidemic, affecting approximately 7.7 million American adults. Statistics show that PTSD can occur at any age, and often correlates with increased depression, substance abuse, and anxiety disorders. The condition may cause emotional numbness, anhedonia, and anergia. This can drive up health costs, decrease work production, and have a detrimental effect on families and marriages. Current treatments include anti-depressants, anti-hypertensives, anti-convulsants, antipsychotics, and benzodiazepines. More recent treatments include the combination of medications as well as Eye Movement Desensitization and Processing (EMDR) (Friedman & Bernardy, 2017).

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