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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Primary Care Medicine

Advisor

Dr. Thomas Colletti

Abstract

Opioid abuse and dependency is now an epidemic in the United States. Every day, people are overdosing due to this major problem that is taking over communities all over the U.S. This article examines the efficacy of the two most common treatment options for opioid dependency. This article goes compares different studies regarding the costs, efficacy, safety, adverse reactions, challenges, access issues, compliance, abuse potentials, and mechanisms of action of both Suboxone (Buprenorphine and Naloxone) and Vivitrol (injectable Naltrexone) through Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT). These are two of the most popular forms of treatment for substance abuse disorder. In this article, the condition of substance abuse disorder itself, and the prevalence and effects of the current opioid epidemic in the United States are also discussed in great detail.

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