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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

FAMILY MEDICINE

Advisor

Dr. Nancy Reid, MHA, DHSc, PA-C

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a long-standing health problem that is attributed to defective insulin production and usage. Type 2 diabetes accounts for a significant proportion diabetes cases and is a global concern due to high rates of morbidity and mortality attributed to the disease. The effective management of diabetes involves medication adherence as well as healthy diets and regular exercise. However, the effective use of all three interventions remains a challenge among diabetic patients. The inefficiency of diabetic drugs is linked to unhealthy diets and sedentary lifestyles. Treatment non-compliance, demotivation, and the high cost of treatment are notable barriers to diabetes self-care. This review explores the importance of implementing diet and exercise instead of medicine alone in the management of diabetes and preventing related complications. Possible solutions to the reported challenges are also discussed.

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