Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science


Emergency Medicine


Dr. Elyse Watkins


Nationally, substance use disorder (SUD) is a common disorder among individuals. At some point in one’s life, a person will have some type of interaction with a person affected by SUD; therefore, information on the topic is vital to share and to learn from. With the increasing utilization of emergency departments (ED) and the ease of obtaining illicit and legally purchasable substances, the appearance of substance abusers in the ED is on the rise. The use of motivational interviewing (MI) is one approach that ED staff may utilize for patients presenting for SUD-related concerns. Motivational interviewing is proven to assist in acute and chronic recovery of SUD patients. The audience that will most benefit from this article includes, but is not limited to, emergency medicine nurses, advanced practice providers, physicians, social workers, addiction and recovery management specialists, SUD patients and their social network. The objective of this article is: to understand the outcome of using MI in the ED with SUD patients; to educate the target audience regarding treatment of SUD; to provide the audience with the understanding of SUD recovery; to provide the audience with knowledge of outcomes regarding the acute implementation of MI; and to improve patient care in the ED treatment of SUD and achieve recovery.


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