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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Emergency Medicine

Advisor

Dr. Elyse Watkins

Abstract

Normal saline is often the agent of choice for wound irrigation in the Emergency Department (ED). The main reasons include availability, cost and no healing impediment when compared to antiseptic solutions. But recent cost of saline has been on the rise due to natural disaster. Wound irrigation is imperative in preventing infection that can lead to debilitating complications. More recent studies suggest that tap water (defined as potable drinking water) is an effective alternative to normal saline for wound irrigation. This review will further analyze the safety and risk of infection in wound irrigation with tap water versus normal saline by using data from previous literature analysis pertaining to the topic.

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