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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Psychiatry

Advisor

Nancy Reid, MHA, DHSc, PA-C, DFAAPA

Abstract

Bipolar disorder (BD) in youth populations is challenging to diagnose and treat but early detection is important to mitigate risks and improve outcomes in many functional domains. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the unique challenges of diagnosing and treating BD in youth and discussing the ongoing research and evolving thoughts on diagnosis and treatment. BD is associated with a significant personal and societal health burden and is frequently misdiagnosed and incorrectly treated. There is still much research needed to understand the pathophysiology of BD and what treatment options are best throughout the lifespan. BD is difficult to diagnose as it is comorbid with many other psychiatric conditions and shares many features with other conditions such as depression, anxiety, Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Attention deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), borderline personality disorder and still others. The presentation of someone with BD can vary greatly based on what part of the cycle they are presenting and the severity of their case.

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