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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Family Medicine

Advisor

Elyse Watkins, DHSc, PA-C, DFAAPA

Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus is a serious health concern as the prevalence continues to rise at alarming rates. This complicated disease is encountered frequently in the primary care setting with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus being the most common type treated. A primary goal for the treatment of Type 2 Diabetes is the reduction of the glycated hemoglobin to less than 7%. Exercise is proving to be a cost-effective treatment option that reduces hemoglobin A1C levels resulting in tighter glycemic control as well as the reduction of microvascular and macrovascular complications. Simple, basic exercises can be incorporated into diabetic treatment regimens to maintain glycemic control and help reduce hemoglobin A1C. This article describes how 3 common exercises, walking, resistance training, and cycling, can impact glycemic control and be prescribed for Type 2 diabetic patients.

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