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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Internal Medicine

Advisor

Dr. E. Watkins

Abstract

In 2017, 299,578 women within the United States died from complications due to coronary artery disease (CAD). CAD is the leading cause of death in African American and Caucasian women, as compared to Hispanic, Asian, or Pacific Islander women, where cancer is the primary cause of death followed by heart disease.1 Between 2014 and 2015 the annual cost of coronary artery disease was approximately $351.2 billion.1 Women over 50 years of age who are considered to be of low risk or who have a family history of coronary artery disease (CAD) may benefit from screening through the calcium score test. The calcium score test helps with early detection of coronary artery calcium (CAC) which can lead to atherosclerosis. Through the early detection of CAC, women may be able to modify their lifestyles in order to reduce their risk of coronary event.2

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