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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

General Medicine

Advisor

Dr. Thomas Colletti

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction and restrictive, repetitive patterns of behavior interest and activities. This neurodevelopmental disorder is a chronic condition without a known cure, but research shows that early intervention markedly improves outcomes of those with moderate to severe ASD. However, disparities in ASD screening and inconsistency with referrals to specialty care are a past and present issue in the pediatric and primary care settings. This article reviews concerns associated with the delayed diagnosis of ASD, cultural influences in ASD screening, and provides recommendations on ways to improve ASD screening and consistency with referrals to specialty care.

Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), early screening, disparities, culture, early intervention, screening tool

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