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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Emergency Medicine

Advisor

Dr. Nancy Reid, MHA, DHSc, PA-C, DFAAPA

Abstract

Insomnia, specifically circadian rhythm sleep disorder or jet lag, is a common disorder caused by travel across multiple time zones.1 Depending on the distance traveled, it can take several days to weeks for the natural circadian rhythm to realign.1,2 Many people frequently travel for employment and are expected to perform quickly upon arrival. Even if sleep can be achieved during travel, the overall quality of sleep is mediocre at best.1 There are many methods to help a patient’s sleep cycle to minimize desynchrony.2 These methods include both non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatments. The purpose of this literature review is to evaluate the current and most effective treatment plan to treat jet lag with minimal side effects.

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