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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Family Medicine

Advisor

DR. NANCY REID

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of behavioral modifications and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in the treatment of patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and improving the quality of sleep.

Methods: A systematic search was performed in PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases. Studies that evaluated the use of CPAP and other therapies in the treatment of OSA were identified for full-text review.

Results: The initial search results produced 4504 items. Ten articles met the inclusion criteria. CPAP was the most common treatment method for OSA despite the lack of adherence to CPAP use in patients diagnosed with OSA. Lifestyle interventions like exercise and weight loss were associated with a reduction in the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI).

Conclusion: Published evidence shows that lifestyle changes are effective in addition to CPAP in the management of patients with OSA and improving the quality of sleep.

Keywords: Obstructive sleep apnea; Continuous positive airway pressure; Exercise; Obesity; Lifestyle interventions.


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