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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Primary Care

Advisor

Nancy Reid, DHSc, PA-C

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of the article is to review the intersectional causes of obesity in the LGBTQ community and examine prevention and treatment methods.

Method: A PubMED literature search was conducted with search terms LGBT health, obesity, and metabolic syndrome. Thirty-two were retrieved and served as the basis of for this clinical review.

Results: Medical professional training and additional research on obesity risks and prevention in LGBTQ communities are needed to decrease morbidity and mortality in this population.

Conclusion: Obesity is a complex and largely preventable disease that is an enormous burden to individual health and to the healthcare system.LGBT individuals and their medical providers should be aware of their personal risks and causes of weight gain and obesity.Sensitive, comprehensive and competent LGBT preventative care and treatment is needed to address the needs of this population, improve patient outcomes and decrease health inequalities. Research is needed to further evaluate the confluence of obesity and metabolic risk factors in the LGBT community. Prevention and treatment strategies are needed for LGBT individuals with the highest rates of healthcare disparities and risks of obesity related comorbidities, chronic disease and death.

Keywords: LGBTQ, LGBTQ health, obesity, metabolic syndrome, cancer, prevention

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