Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science


Emergency Medicine/PAC


Laura Witte, PHd, PAC


The purpose of this article is to review the medical literature regarding the use of ketamine in patients exhibiting an acute agitated state, or excited delirium (EXD). There has been much controversy in the treatment of patients encountered by law enforcement, emergency medical personnel and hospital personnel. One medication utilized in the treatment of this agitated state is ketamine, and others are antipsychotics and benzodiazepines. This review will focus on ketamine and whether it has been proven to be a safe and effective treatment in EXD.


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