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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Surgery

Advisor

Dr. Laura Witte, PhD, PA-C

Abstract

Breast cancer is the most common cancer globally for women, with an estimated 2.2 million cases per year. In the United States, breast cancer accounts for 30% of cancers among women, with approximately 281,550 new cases expected in 2021. The lifetime risk for an American woman to develop breast cancer is one in every eight women. While breast cancer outcomes have improved steadily over the past decade with more effective screening and treatment, this general approach is not sufficient for at the highest risk to develop breast cancer, as a better surveillance approach and earlier treatment can lead to better outcomes. This article reviews how to identify a woman at high risk, current clinical guidelines in selecting the surveillance methods, and specific breast cancer reduction strategies.

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