Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science




Elyse Watkins, DHSc, PA-C, DFAAPA



Purpose: The purpose of this article was to perform a systematic review of the literature for the management of low back pain due to its high prevalence globally.

Method: A multiple database literature search was performed with the search terms of low back pain, non-invasive treatment, surgical intervention, physical therapy, and disability due to low back pain. The search was limited to peer reviewed studies published in the English language within the last five years. This search produced fifteen peer-reviewed articles which were utilized for this article.

Results: There are a multitude of treatment modalities to include conservative to invasive measures. These measures can include physical therapy, exercise therapy, pharmacological, injection therapy and surgical intervention as an end-stage solution.

Conclusion: Low back pain is a leading cause of disability and time lost from work. Aggressive treatment of low back pain especially with conservative measures has led to few chronic symptoms and a better quality of life.


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