Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science


Family Medicine


Dr. Nancy Reid



Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review the treatment provided for transgender patients in the primary care setting. Additionally, this author will examine and explore ways to improve encounters not only for the patients, but also for the providers who treat them.

Method: A PubMed and Ovid literature search was conducted with search terms transgender, LGBTQIA discrimination, family medicine, and gender dysphoria. Twenty-four pertinent articles were retrieved and served as the basis for this clinical review.

Results: A lack of evidence-based research and training on managing transgender patients in the primary care setting in medical schools, physician assistant programs, and nursing programs.

Conclusion: The integration and implementation of standards of care for transgender and gender-nonconforming patients into the medical curriculum and primary care practice can save lives by reducing knowledge gaps, potential biases, and discrimination against these patients.

Keywords: Transgender, gender dysphoria, primary care, healthcare


Available when accessing via a campus IP address or logged in with a University of Lynchburg email address.

Off-campus users can also use 'Off-campus Download' button above for access.