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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Internal Medicine

Advisor

Lawrence Herman

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this article is to review the use of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) to lower cardiovascular risks in patients with preexisting type 2 diabetes.

Method

PubMed, Cochrane Collaborative Database, and Google Scholar searches were conducted with the search terms Mediterranean Diet, Cardiovascular Risks, and Type 2 diabetes. Seventeen articles were chosen for use in this clinical review.

Results

Studies reviewed on the impact of a Mediterranean diet on cardiovascular risk factors, glucose control, and body weight in people with type 2 diabetes supports the Mediterranean dietary model as a suitable model for type 2 diabetes. The concept that the beneficial health effects of the Mediterranean diet lie primarily in its synergy among various nutrients and foods rather than on any individual component is explored in various studies.

Conclusion

The MedDiet has successfully shown it approaches the gold standard for cardiovascular health. Investigating the impact of the diet on cardiovascular risk factors within a population with type 2 diabetes is an important component in the possible reduction of deaths within the population group.

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