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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Orthopedics

Advisor

Thomas Colletti

Abstract

Knee Osteoarthritis affects millions of Americans each year. Knee OA can debilitate and lead to a poor quality of life due to the pain, stiffness and inability to ambulate. The purpose of this article is to review and understand the different treatment options for patients with moderate osteoarthritis of the knee. To collect the information for the clinical review the search engine PubMed was used. Searches included key terms such as: Corticosteroid injections, Primary osteoarthritis of the knees, Hyaluronic Acid injections, PRP injections, Treatment. The results showed meta-analysis reviewing studies comparing and contrasting different injection options. Overall through the research corticosteroid injections are still the preferred treatment option. Corticosteroid injections are proven to give pain relief on average for three months. While hyaluronic acid injections are shown to give about the same amount of relief for osteoarthritis of the knees. PRP injections are not proven to have any significant improvement in pain relief for patients with moderate osteoarthritis of the knees when comparing them to corticosteroids and gel injections. The overall conclusion is that corticosteroid injections are still the preferred method to treating osteoarthritis of the knees.

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