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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Urgent Care

Advisor

Elyse Watkins

Abstract

An acute episode of herpes zoster occurs because of the reactivation of the varicella zoster virus. It presents with a painful rash usually localized to one dermatome. Herpes zoster typically affects older adults; however, there has been a recent trend of increased cases in younger adults. It can cause various complications, but the most common is postherpetic neuralgia. Postherpetic neuralgia can cause chronic and debilitating pain, negatively impacting patients’ lives. This article reviews the clinical presentation, management, treatment, and prevention of herpes zoster.

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