University of Lynchburg DMSc Doctoral Project Assignment Repository

University of Lynchburg DMSc Doctoral Project Assignment Repository


Medical Aesthetics


Dr. Sarah Bolander


Dermal fillers are one tool for facial aesthetics that restore age related volume loss, and enhance features such as cheeks, lips, and chins. They are considered a medical device and can be used to correct scars or genetic defects as a biodegradable or a permanent product. A vascular occlusion is a serious adverse event and a major fear for injectors due to the long-lasting sequelae it can cause. Having an in-depth understanding of facial anatomy when injecting and using proper injection techniques will prevent complications. There are times due to vascular anomalies, injector technique, and inappropriate product selection that led to vascular events regardless of all preparation. It is imperative to be well-educated in immediate treatment of this complication and to recognize the signs that it is impending to prevent sequelae. The purpose of this clinical review is to determine the most appropriate approach for preventing, identifying, and treating an impending vascular occlusion.


Available when accessing via a campus IP address or logged in with a University of Lynchburg email address.

Off-campus users can also use 'Off-campus Download' button above for access.