Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science


Bariatric Medicine


Dr. Tom Colletti


Objectives: This article seeks to review current understanding of the causes of obesity in the United States and the efficacy of various treatment options.

Methods: A literature search was conducted via the University of Lynchburg Knight-Capron Library OneSearch with keywords: obesity, overweight, weight loss, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Publications >5 years old at the time of search were excluded. In total, 31 sources were selected for this review.

Results: Obesity is caused by a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, physical, and socioeconomic factors which have been elucidated in the past several decades. A variety of management options are currently utilized to address this growing problem and have proven to be effective for long-term weight reduction.

Conclusion: Healthcare providers need to be familiar with the pathophysiology of obesity and modern management techniques. Primary care providers play a particularly vital role in navigating pivotal conversations in obesity.

Keywords: Obesity, overweight, weight loss, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery


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