Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science


Orthopedic Surgery


Dr. Tom Colletti, DHSc, PA-C, DFAAPA


Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review the clinical presentation, physical examination, diagnosis, and treatment options for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), a commonly misdiagnosed disorder. This review article will aim to increase physician assistant awareness and promote ways to properly and accurately diagnose CTS.

Method: A PubMed literature search was conducted with search terms carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), median nerve compression, risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnostic tools, surgery, and management. The scientific, peer-reviewed articles and textbooks used have been published within the previous five years.

Results: A literature search for scholarly articles returned over 250 items, of which seven pertinent articles were retrieved and served as the basis for this evidence-based clinical review.

Conclusion: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common disorder frequently encountered in primary care and orthopedic practice. The purpose of this evidence-based review is to examine the latest research available on CTS. Briefly reviewing the risk factors, clinical presentation, physical examination, diagnosis, and management will give providers a better understanding of how to prevent misdiagnosing CTS.


Available when accessing via a campus IP address or logged in with a University of Lynchburg email address.

Off-campus users can also use 'Off-campus Download' button above for access.