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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Orthopedic Surgery

Advisor

Dr. Tom Colletti, DHSc, PA-C, DFAAPA

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review the clinical presentation, physical examination, diagnosis, and treatment options for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), a commonly misdiagnosed disorder. This review article will aim to increase physician assistant awareness and promote ways to properly and accurately diagnose CTS.

Method: A PubMed literature search was conducted with search terms carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), median nerve compression, risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnostic tools, surgery, and management. The scientific, peer-reviewed articles and textbooks used have been published within the previous five years.

Results: A literature search for scholarly articles returned over 250 items, of which seven pertinent articles were retrieved and served as the basis for this evidence-based clinical review.

Conclusion: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common disorder frequently encountered in primary care and orthopedic practice. The purpose of this evidence-based review is to examine the latest research available on CTS. Briefly reviewing the risk factors, clinical presentation, physical examination, diagnosis, and management will give providers a better understanding of how to prevent misdiagnosing CTS.

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