Dr. Tom Colletti DHSc, PA-C, DFAAPA
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review the treatment of hyperlipidemia with various dietary interventions and examine the efficacy of vegetarian diets compared to omnivorous diets in lowering serum blood lipids. Data source: A PubMed literature search was conducted with the search terms, vegetarian diet, cholesterol, and omnivorous. Eleven pertinent articles were retrieved and served as the basis for this clinical review. Results: Overall, the studies demonstrated that in patients with elevated serum cholesterol, vegetarian diets are more effective in lowering total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C ) compared to omnivorous diets. The studies did consistently show that vegetarian diets were not effective in lowering triglycerides compared to omnivorous diets. Conclusion: This systematic review provides evidence that strict vegetarian diets are effective in lowering total cholesterol and LDL-C compared to omnivorous diets. However, vegetarian diets were not effective in lowering triglycerides compared to omnivorous diets. Vegetarian diets can be a simple cost-effect, non-pharmaceutical treatment to manage patients with hyperlipidemia.
Abdul-Wahid I. Treatment of Hyperlipidemia with Dietary Intervention. University of Lynchburg DMSc Doctoral Project Assignment Repository. 2022; 4(4).
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