University of Lynchburg DMSc Doctoral Project Assignment Repository

University of Lynchburg DMSc Doctoral Project Assignment Repository




Aviva G. Asnis-Alibozek, DMSc, PA-C, DFAAPA


Arthritis is a disease that affects millions around the world. Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative inflammatory condition of the joints' articular surface. Osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent chronic disability-causing conditions. The disease usually progresses slowly but can ultimately lead to pain and disability. Osteoarthritis affects the knees, hips, and hands most often. It is estimated that over one-third of the population has arthritis on imaging and that approximately 20% of adults over forty-five have arthritis in the knees. In developed countries, disease-modifying medications and surgeries are available to assist patients with symptoms of arthritis at a high cost to the healthcare system. Generally, arthritis is classified into inflammatory (autoimmune, septic, gout) and osteoarthritis OA. The most common arthritis is osteoarthritis affecting greater than 40% of the population. Among inflammatory arthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is among the most common and severe. While chronic arthritis is incurable, several methods are used to control, alleviate, and manage symptoms. The first step in the management is identifying risk factors. The most common risk factors include age, gender, genetic predisposition, non-modifiable, prior joint injury, obesity, mechanical factors, and diet, which are modifiable. Of these factors, diet seems to have the most significant impact on arthritis. Therefore, this paper aims to examine the role of diet control in alleviating the symptoms of the disease.


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