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Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Lynchburg Journal of Medical Science

Specialty

Pediatrics

Advisor

Dr. Elyse Watkins DHSc, PA-C

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most commonly diagnosed mental disorders in the United States. Amphetamine-based stimulants such as dexamphetamine, mixed amphetamines, and lisdexamfetamine remain the most frequently prescribed medications for ADHD in children. ADHD is a chronic disorder, and many children continue stimulant therapy into adulthood. Knowing whether children requiring long-term treatment are at risk for developing substance use disorders as adults is imperative. Further research is needed to evaluate if there is evidence to suggest whether long-term treatment with amphetamine-derived stimulants leads to substance use disorders in children with ADHD.

Keywords: ADHD treatments; stimulants; amphetamines; long-term effects; substance use disorder

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