University of Lynchburg DMSc Doctoral Project Assignment Repository

University of Lynchburg DMSc Doctoral Project Assignment Repository


Family Practice


Bernard Toney Jr., DMSc, PA-C



Purpose: The purpose of this article is to capture a better understanding of the signs and symptoms associated with concussions in young athletes. It’s vital for health care professionals to understand the risks of concussions. Not just for the short-term healing, but most importantly the long-term post-concussion syndrome that can occur.

Method: A PubMed literature search was conducted with search terms mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), Sport related concussions, mental health, childhood concussion. Twenty-four pertinent articles were retrieved and served as the basis for this clinical review.

Results: This study highlights the need for a focus on youth as a key period of research to prevent adult complications.

Conclusion: The increasing prevalence of concussions amongst the adolescent age group is on a continuous incline. Long-term complications following concussions have historically been extremely difficult to determine, especially in youth athletes. The increased rate of concussions further indicates the need for research in concussion education, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of long-term sequelae.

Keywords: Concussions, TBI, youth sports, mental health.


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