University of Lynchburg DMSc Doctoral Project Assignment Repository

University of Lynchburg DMSc Doctoral Project Assignment Repository


Internal Medicine


Dr. Tom Colletti


Weight loss can pose a challenge for patients as the rate of obesity continues to rise in the United States. Obesity is associated with multiple comorbidities which accentuates the need for appropriate strategies that target weight loss and maintenance of a healthy body mass index (BMI). This article will provide an overview of various strategies for weight loss which include lifestyle modifications, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. In general, the first step to reduce weight focuses on lifestyle modifications including a low-calorie diet in conjunction with an exercise plan. Pharmacotherapy can be useful in certain patients who cannot achieve their desired weight with lifestyle modifications alone. Bariatric surgery is also an effective method of treatment that is available to patients with severe obesity. Strategies for weight loss are most successful when they are individualized based on the needs and comorbidities of the patient. By understanding the various options for weight loss including diet and exercise, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery, healthcare providers can be better equipped to provide a plan of care for patients.


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