Date of Award

Summer 6-1-2023

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Medical Science (DMSc)


Medical Science

Committee Chair

Dr Coletti


Hormone therapy has been a hotly debated topic for decades. There have been countless studies celebrating and vilifying the use of hormone replacement in postmenopausal women. Initially, the research focused on the prevention of hot flashes, and mood dysphoria. As time has passed, there are new indications, such as the prevention of cognitive decline, improving bone density, and preserving a more youthful appearance. However, the risks must not be underestimated. These include a higher incidence of blood clots and breast cancer. The results suggest a more balanced view. One that focuses on the individual woman seeking care, and her very unique needs and circumstances. Age, health, and expectations all factor into the decision to treat. This article summarizes the benefits and risks of hormone replacement therapy, to help you and your patient decide whether or not hormones will benefit them, based on the most current research.