LC Journal of Special Education


The purpose of this paper is to explore advance organizers and their use as tools to activate and build schema when students with disabilities are presented with new concepts in the classroom. This will be done by first giving a brief synopsis of the inception of advance organizers and their connection to schema theory. Next, various types of organizers and their uses will be offered to enable teachers to determine the best organizers to use for their individual students and the type of content being presented. Then, because it is important for the teachers to make selections of organizers for their students and course content based on scientifically-based research, an overview of the literature and research on advance organizers will be discussed. Finally, a discussion that reviews the implications for teachers will ensue.