Student Author Information

Jessica KoontzFollow

Access Type

Campus Access Only

Presentation Type

Oral Presentation

Start Date

April 2019

Department

Exercise Physiology

Abstract

When new patterns or intensities of physical activity are performed by an individual, usually some level of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) occurs. The causes of DOMS are linked to a combination of lactic acid, muscle spasms, connective tissue damage, muscle damage, inflammation, and enzyme efflux. DOMS can lead to muscle pain, which is the most noticeable and prevalent symptom. Therefore, it is important to reduce DOMS as effectively as possible after exercise. Compression, specifically compression garments, is one of the popular modalities used to alleviate or prevent DOMS. Unlike compression garments, the effect of pneumatic compression devices (PCD) on DOMS has been studied far less. Also, electrical stimulation has been proposed to alleviate the symptoms. While studies focusing on neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) have demonstrated a reduction in DOMS after NMES treatment, there is conflicting evidence on the use of TENS for reduction of DOMS. In this study, the perception of DOMS was measured using a visual analog scale (VAS) by analyzing the perception of pain after eccentric leg exercises. It was hypothesized that each treatment will be more effective than the control in relieving or preventing DOMS.

Faculty Mentor(s)

Dr. Jill Lucas Dr. Sean Collins Dr. Nancy Cowden

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Apr 10th, 4:45 PM

The Effects of Common Treatment Modalities on Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS)

When new patterns or intensities of physical activity are performed by an individual, usually some level of delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) occurs. The causes of DOMS are linked to a combination of lactic acid, muscle spasms, connective tissue damage, muscle damage, inflammation, and enzyme efflux. DOMS can lead to muscle pain, which is the most noticeable and prevalent symptom. Therefore, it is important to reduce DOMS as effectively as possible after exercise. Compression, specifically compression garments, is one of the popular modalities used to alleviate or prevent DOMS. Unlike compression garments, the effect of pneumatic compression devices (PCD) on DOMS has been studied far less. Also, electrical stimulation has been proposed to alleviate the symptoms. While studies focusing on neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) have demonstrated a reduction in DOMS after NMES treatment, there is conflicting evidence on the use of TENS for reduction of DOMS. In this study, the perception of DOMS was measured using a visual analog scale (VAS) by analyzing the perception of pain after eccentric leg exercises. It was hypothesized that each treatment will be more effective than the control in relieving or preventing DOMS.