Student Author Information

Mary KingFollow

Access Type

Campus Access Only

Presentation Type

Oral Presentation

Start Date

April 2019

Department

Psychology

Abstract

The general purpose of this research was to determine the effect of media image exposure (thin-ideal, body positive, or neutral) and gender on an individual’s self-esteem, body satisfaction, and thin-ideal internalization. The ultimate goal of the research was to examine these factors in populations that have not been studied at length in the past relating to body image, such as male and transgender participants. Participants watched a short video consisting of 12 images (thin-ideal, body positive, or neutral), and then completed three questionnaires relating to each of the dependent variables. The following predictions were made: scores in thin-ideal internalization were expected to be higher in all of the gender categories when exposed to thin-ideal images, and lower when exposed to body positive images; scores in self-esteem and body satisfaction were expected to be higher in all gender categories when exposed to body positive images, and lower when exposed to thin-ideal images; and scores in the group exposed to neutral images were predicted to have no significant difference in any dependent variable across gender categories.

Faculty Mentor(s)

Dr. Virginia Cylke

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Apr 10th, 9:00 AM

The Effect of Media Influence on Perceptions of the Self

The general purpose of this research was to determine the effect of media image exposure (thin-ideal, body positive, or neutral) and gender on an individual’s self-esteem, body satisfaction, and thin-ideal internalization. The ultimate goal of the research was to examine these factors in populations that have not been studied at length in the past relating to body image, such as male and transgender participants. Participants watched a short video consisting of 12 images (thin-ideal, body positive, or neutral), and then completed three questionnaires relating to each of the dependent variables. The following predictions were made: scores in thin-ideal internalization were expected to be higher in all of the gender categories when exposed to thin-ideal images, and lower when exposed to body positive images; scores in self-esteem and body satisfaction were expected to be higher in all gender categories when exposed to body positive images, and lower when exposed to thin-ideal images; and scores in the group exposed to neutral images were predicted to have no significant difference in any dependent variable across gender categories.