Access Type

Campus Access Only

Presentation Type

Oral Presentation

Start Date

April 2019

Department

Psychology

Abstract

There are many variables that influence memory. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of stress, sleep, and gender on memory due to inconsistencies in previous studies. We hypothesized that the participants would have more false memories when they indicated higher stress levels, less sleep, or those who identified as male. We also investigated the effect of verb phrasing on participant’s ability to recall seeing glass or not in a car crash video. It was hypothesized that participants would have estimated a higher speed on the more violent word phrase of smashed and believed that they saw broken glass in the video as opposed to “contacted. A convenience sample was used to recruit participants from a local university in Virginia. A random number generator was used to determine which student will be assigned to violent verb or non-violent verb condition. Participants were verbally given 15 paired words, which they recalled immediately and delayed, after they watched a video of a car crash and estimated the speed based on verbal phrasing. After programing an ActiGraph, participants are asked if they saw glass in the previous video and wore the ActiGraph for four nights. The results will be discussed.

Faculty Mentor(s)

Dr. Ei Hlaing

Rights Statement

The right to download or print any portion of this material is granted by the copyright owner only for personal or educational use. The author/creator retains all proprietary rights, including copyright ownership. Any editing, other reproduction or other use of this material by any means requires the express written permission of the copyright owner. Except as provided above, or for any other use that is allowed by fair use (Title 17, §107 U.S.C.), you may not reproduce, republish, post, transmit or distribute any material from this web site in any physical or digital form without the permission of the copyright owner of the material.

Share

COinS
 
Apr 10th, 11:30 AM

The Effects of Stress, Sleep, and Gender on False Memory

There are many variables that influence memory. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of stress, sleep, and gender on memory due to inconsistencies in previous studies. We hypothesized that the participants would have more false memories when they indicated higher stress levels, less sleep, or those who identified as male. We also investigated the effect of verb phrasing on participant’s ability to recall seeing glass or not in a car crash video. It was hypothesized that participants would have estimated a higher speed on the more violent word phrase of smashed and believed that they saw broken glass in the video as opposed to “contacted. A convenience sample was used to recruit participants from a local university in Virginia. A random number generator was used to determine which student will be assigned to violent verb or non-violent verb condition. Participants were verbally given 15 paired words, which they recalled immediately and delayed, after they watched a video of a car crash and estimated the speed based on verbal phrasing. After programing an ActiGraph, participants are asked if they saw glass in the previous video and wore the ActiGraph for four nights. The results will be discussed.