Poster or Presentation Title

Athletic Trainers’ Stress, Support, and External Pressures when Returning Patients Back to Function

Student Author Information

Stephanie CarrFollow

Access Type

Open Access

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Department

Athletic Training

Abstract

The primary purpose of this study was to determine workplace stress and social support for athletic trainers who are providing healthcare. The concurrent mixed-method design allowed us to gather breadth and depth simultaneously, providing a more holistic understanding of stress, support, and external pressure. We used 3 previously validated scales (perceived organizational support scale (POSS), social support size questionnaire (SSQ_N ), social support quantity questionnaire (SSQ_Q), and perceived stress scale (PSS)) and qualitative questions validated by expert review and peer pilot testing to collect our data. The combination of POSS and SSQ_N scores explained 32.4% of the variance among PSS (F2,144=34.496, p<.001). Consistent with the quantitative findings and adding to the richness of the data, there were 2 themes across open-ended questions: distressors and coping mechanisms. Qualitative analysis of questions about external pressures supported the regression model and indicated social support from friends, family, and fellow ATs were important aspects in managing stress. Participants with higher organizational and social support reported lower levels of stress illustrating the importance of supportive environments both in and out of working environments. In addition, distressors and coping mechanisms influence how ATs manage stress.

Faculty Mentor(s)

Meredith Kneavel Meredith Madden Tom Bowman

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Athletic Trainers’ Stress, Support, and External Pressures when Returning Patients Back to Function

The primary purpose of this study was to determine workplace stress and social support for athletic trainers who are providing healthcare. The concurrent mixed-method design allowed us to gather breadth and depth simultaneously, providing a more holistic understanding of stress, support, and external pressure. We used 3 previously validated scales (perceived organizational support scale (POSS), social support size questionnaire (SSQ_N ), social support quantity questionnaire (SSQ_Q), and perceived stress scale (PSS)) and qualitative questions validated by expert review and peer pilot testing to collect our data. The combination of POSS and SSQ_N scores explained 32.4% of the variance among PSS (F2,144=34.496, p<.001). Consistent with the quantitative findings and adding to the richness of the data, there were 2 themes across open-ended questions: distressors and coping mechanisms. Qualitative analysis of questions about external pressures supported the regression model and indicated social support from friends, family, and fellow ATs were important aspects in managing stress. Participants with higher organizational and social support reported lower levels of stress illustrating the importance of supportive environments both in and out of working environments. In addition, distressors and coping mechanisms influence how ATs manage stress.