Date Presented

Spring 4-2020

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science


Exercise Physiology

First Advisor

Jill Lucas, PhD

Second Advisor

Jeffrey E. Herrick, PhD

Third Advisor

Nancy Cowden, PhD


Sedentary lifestyles are a very common way of life for 21st century Americans. Lack of enjoyment and motivation are two common factors that deter people from engaging in physical activity and exercise on a regular basis (1). However, it has been found that visual stimulation may help motivate or distract from exertion (2–4). The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of watching a motivational video (Tour de France (MV)) versus a calming video (Bob Ross painting (PV)) while cycling. Ten recreationally active subjects from the University of Lynchburg staff, faculty, and student population partook in a within-subjects experimental design. All subjects completed two randomized sessions on a stationary bike at a moderate intensity for twenty minutes with at least 48 hours between sessions. Subjects watched Bob Ross painting (PV) in one session and the Tour de France (MV) in another. The motivational video significantly improved mileage completed (8.01 m ± 0.89 vs 6.95 m ± 1.05, p = 0.004), but had no effect on HR or RPE (p >0.05). Subjects were able to enhance performance while watching a motivational cycling video during exercise but did not perceive an increase in effort or intensity while doing so.