Date Presented

Spring 5-1-2023

Document Type




First Advisor

Kenneth Wagner, Ph.D.

Second Advisor

Laura Kicklighter, Ph.D.

Third Advisor

Sabita Manian, Ph.D.


The phenomenon of human trafficking is a growing problem that affects millions worldwide. Literature on the subject suggests that inequality between men and women can be a crucial factor in determining national efforts to combat trafficking in persons. This research studies the association between a country’s efforts to reduce trafficking with the measure of inequality being the literacy rate difference and unemployment rate difference between men and women in each country. An analysis of variance yielded statistically significant results that national efforts to combat human trafficking were associated with inequality between men and women in those nations. Discussion on how these results can inform efforts to combat trafficking is included as well as application of routine activities theory and feminist theory.